S.C. Encyclopedia

HISTORY: 1929 state bond bill creates Highway Department

HISTORY: 1929 state bond bill creates Highway Department

The 1929 Highway Bond Bill authorized the State Highway Commission to sell bonds to build a system of hard-surfaced roads throughout the state. Beginning with the creation of the State Highway Commission in 1917, state officials had used available gas tax revenue to build roads on a pay-as-you-go basis. This proved to be a slow process, and Lowcountry legislators decided […]

by · 02/29/2016 · Comments are Disabled · Features, S.C. Encyclopedia
HISTORY: Prisons and penitentiaries

HISTORY: Prisons and penitentiaries

S.C. Encyclopedia  |  The first significant jail in South Carolina, a twelve-foot square designed to accommodate sixteen prisoners, was built in Charleston in 1769. Additional jails were built following the division of South Carolina into judicial districts. According to one account, “These jails were forbidding structures, reared to prevent escape and make life gloomy for their inmates.” South Carolina was […]

by · 02/22/2016 · Comments are Disabled · Features, S.C. Encyclopedia
HISTORY: Bamberg County

HISTORY: Bamberg County

S.C. Encyclopedia | Bamberg County, located in the inner coastal plain in south-central South Carolina, was formed from the southeastern section of Barnwell County in 1897. It is named for Francis Marion Bamberg (1838–1905), the grandson of John Bamberg, who arrived in the area in 1798 and was thought to have originally come from Bavaria before stopping in Pennsylvania during the Revolutionary War period.

by · 02/15/2016 · Comments are Disabled · Features, S.C. Encyclopedia
FOCUS: 48 years ago today: The Orangeburg Massacre

FOCUS: 48 years ago today: The Orangeburg Massacre

By Jack Bass | On the night of Feb. 8, 1968, police gunfire left three young black men dying and twenty-seven wounded on the campus of South Carolina State College in Orangeburg. Exactly thirty-three years later, Governor Jim Hodges addressed an overflow crowd there in the Martin Luther King, Jr. Auditorium, referring directly to the “Orangeburg Massacre”—an identifying term for the event that had been controversial—and called what happened “a great tragedy for our state.”

The audience that day included eight men in their fifties—including a clergyman, a college professor, and a retired army lieutenant colonel—who had been shot that fateful night. For the first time they were included in the annual memorial service to the three students who died—Samuel Hammond, Delano Middleton, and Henry Smith.

by · 02/08/2016 · Comments are Disabled · Focus, S.C. Encyclopedia
HISTORY:  Spotted salamander, state amphibian

HISTORY: Spotted salamander, state amphibian

S.C. Encyclopedia | The spotted salamander (Ambystoma maculatum) became the official state amphibian by a law signed by Governor Jim Hodges on June 11, 1999. The designation resulted from the interest and activity of children in the third-grade class at Woodlands Heights Elementary School, Spartanburg, taught by Lynn K. Burgess. Students conducted research and a letter-writing campaign to get an amphibian adopted, enlisting support from scientists, public officials, and other third-graders in the state.

by · 02/01/2016 · Comments are Disabled · Features, S.C. Encyclopedia
HISTORY:  S.C. State Museum

HISTORY: S.C. State Museum

S.C. Encyclopedia | South Carolina’s multidisciplinary State Museum opened on Oct. 29, 1988, in the renovated Mount Vernon Mill at 301 Gervais Street in Columbia’s Congaree Vista. The development of a museum was initiated in 1973 when the state legislature formed the South Carolina Museum Commission and charged it with “the creation and operation of a State Museum reflecting the history, fine arts and natural history and the scientific and industrial resources of the state.”

by · 01/25/2016 · Comments are Disabled · Features, S.C. Encyclopedia
HISTORY: White lightning, a.k.a. “moonshine”

HISTORY: White lightning, a.k.a. “moonshine”

S.C. Encyclopedia | White lightning, a white whiskey made surreptitiously and illegally, was once produced in great quantities in South Carolina. It got its name from its color and the kick it delivers when consumed.

by · 01/18/2016 · Comments are Disabled · Features, S.C. Encyclopedia
Colleton County Courthouse, Walterboro, S.C.

HISTORY: Colleton County

S.C. Encyclopedia | First visited by Robert Sandford in 1666 while he was reconnoitering the southeastern seaboard of North America for Lord Anthony Ashley Cooper, Colleton County was one of three original counties organized in the English province of Carolina in 1682. However, Colleton was divided into three parishes by 1730 (St. Bartholomew’s, St. Paul’s, and St. John’s Colleton), which took over most county responsibilities, including oversight of elections.

by · 01/11/2016 · Comments are Disabled · Features, S.C. Encyclopedia
Image via Harper’s Weekly, 1865.

HISTORY: Emancipation Day celebrations

S.C. Encyclopedia | The tradition of marking the end of slavery with Emancipation Day celebrations began in South Carolina on January 1, 1863—the day the Emancipation Proclamation of President Abraham Lincoln declared three million slaves in the Confederate states to be “thenceforward, and forever free.” Since then, African Americans in South Carolina have gathered annually on New Year’s Day to commemorate the “Day of Jubilee” with food, song, dance, and prayer.

by · 01/04/2016 · Comments are Disabled · Features, S.C. Encyclopedia
HISTORY: Joel Roberts Poinsett

HISTORY: Joel Roberts Poinsett

S.C. Encyclopedia | Joel Roberts Poinsett was born on March 2, 1779, in Charleston, son of the Huguenot physician Elisha Poinsett and his English wife, Ann Roberts. As a child, Poinsett spent six years in England, where his formal education probably began. In 1794 he entered the Greenfield Hill, Connecticut, academy of Dr. Timothy Dwight but stayed only two years because of his frail health. Returning to England, Poinsett attended private school at Wandsworth, where he excelled in languages.

by · 12/28/2015 · Comments are Disabled · Features, S.C. Encyclopedia